Economic Sectors: No specific sector
Theme: Delivery of WBL, Partnership
Educational field and level: Vocational education and training
Target groups: Public Employment Services; Careers Guidance and Counselling Services
The INTRODUCTORY TRAINING (EINSTIEGSQUALIFIZIERUNG) initiative provides in-company training for young people not able to find a place on a regular apprenticeship programme.
INTRODUCTORY TRAINING is a part of the German Dual VET System and acts as a transitory measure through which in-company training is provided as an additional step for those having completed lower secondary education, wishing to embark on a formal programme of apprenticeship training. The initiative aims at supporting those young people not able to find a formal apprenticeship offer and provides an opportunity to further develop their occupational skills and competences. Participants can choose from more than 100 professions for which a company-based internship will be provided lasting 6 to 12 months. The public employment service financially supports this initiative by paying the individual apprentice and by also covering additional company costs. It is also possible, in some German regions, to attend a course at a local VET institute where additional vocational and/or socio-pedagogical support can be provided.
Success factors and challenges for WBL
An important success factor for the INTRODUCTORY TRAINING initiative, is that of providing a chance for learners to transition to a regular apprenticeship programme following their in-company training, with around 60% of participants managing successful transition. In-company placements are also recognised as a regular part of Dual VET provision thus ensuring that all learning achievement is recognised. The initiative brings together the Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs alongside Public Employment Services and key stakeholders from industry and trade and it is particularly valued by companies, for whom there is no direct cost. Equally, however, it is important to ensure that companies do not see this as a means of replacing their commitment to formal apprenticeship programmes. Additionally, there is a continuing need and challenge to communicate this opportunity for in-company training to individual learners, with many not aware of this opportunity and with many placements left unfilled.
Descriptions of Professions [examples; in German] provided by the Association of German Chambers of Commerce and Industry / Deutscher Industrie- und Handelskammertag: http://www.dihk.de/themenfelder/aus-und-weiterbildung/ausbildung/einstiegsqualifizierungen/einstiegsqualifizierung#angebot
Evaluation Report [in German] Weiterführung der Begleitforschung zur Einstiegsqualifizierung (EQ) im Auftrag des Bundesministeriums für Arbeit und Soziales (BMAS): http://www.bildungsketten.de/intern/system/upload/Materialien/eq_abschlussbericht_maerz_2012.pdf